Historic South Dakota Images by J.C.H. Grabill, Wounded Knee

J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress

The caption says: What’s left of Big Foot’s Band. Taken near Deadwood, South Dakota in 1891. (This was after the Massacre of Wounded Knee on December 29, 1890. This was all that remained of Big Foot’s Band.)

Disturbing Photos From S.D. in 1890s—From Wounded Knee to Pine Ridge

A time when Natives and ancestral homelands were under attack captured in images

All of these images were taken by Chicago photographer J.C.H. Grabill between 1886 and 1892 in South Dakota—not an easy time for the Indians of the area.

It was a time of upheaval for Natives. The railroad was being built through their ancestral homelands, the Massacre of Wounded Knee devastated the Lakota in 1890, and their land was being mined by whites with Westward Expansion on their minds.

As Chicago Magazine pointed out, “Grabill’s photography career lasted a mere seven years, but seven critical ones, and his legacy is a remarkable document of America in the era of Manifest Destiny.”

Grabill released all 188 images he took from 1886-1892 to the Library of Congress. Here are 25 of them.

Historic South Dakota Images by J.C.H. Grabill, Wounded Knee

J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress

The caption says: “At the Dance” Part of 8th U.S. Cavalry and 3rd Infantry at the great Indian Grass Dance on Reservation.

Historic South Dakota Images by J.C.H. Grabill, Wounded Knee

J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress

Chief Rocky Bear’s Home.

Historic South Dakota Images by J.C.H. Grabill, Wounded Knee

J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress

This caption says: The Great Hostile Camp.

Historic South Dakota Images by J.C.H. Grabill, Wounded Knee

J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress

Devil’s Tower or Bear Lodge (Mato [i.e. Mateo] Tepee of the Indians), on the Belle Fourche. Taken near Sturgis, South Dakota in 1887.

Historic South Dakota Images by J.C.H. Grabill, Wounded Knee

J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress

Indian chiefs who counciled with Gen. Miles and setteled [sic] the Indian War — 1. Standing Bull. 2. Bear Who Looks Back Running [Stands and Looks Back]. 3. Has the Big White Horse. 4. White Tail. 5. Liver [Living] Bear. 6. Little Thunder. 7. Bull Dog. 8. High Hawk. 9. Lame. 10. Eagle Pipe.

Historic South Dakota Images by J.C.H. Grabill, Wounded Knee

J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress

The caption says: Hostile Indian Camp and was taken near Deadwood, South Dakota in 1891

Historic South Dakota Images by J.C.H. Grabill, Wounded Knee

J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress

The caption says: Indian Chiefs who counciled with Gen. Miles and settled the Indian War. 1 Standing Bull. 2 Bear who looks back running. 3 Has the Big white horse. 4 White Tail. 5 Liver Bear. 6 Little Thunder. 7 Bull Dog. 8 High Hawk. 9 Lame. 10 Eagle Pipe. Taken in Deadwood, South Dakota in 1891.

Historic South Dakota Images by J.C.H. Grabill, Wounded Knee

J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress

Indian chiefs and U.S. officials. 1. Two Strike. 2. Crow Dog. 3. Short Bull. 4. High Hawk. 5. Two Lance. 6. Kicking Bear. 7. Good Voice. 8. Thunder Hawk. 9. Rocky Bear. 10. Young Man Afraid of His Horse. 11. American Horse. 12. W.F. Cody (Buffalo Bill). 13. Maj. J.M. Burk. 14. J.C. Craiger. 15. J. McDonald. 16. J.G. Worth. Taken at Pine Ridge, January 16, 1891.

Historic South Dakota Images by J.C.H. Grabill, Wounded Knee

J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress

The caption says: Indian Council in a hostile camp. Taken near Deadwood, South Dakota in 1891.

Historic South Dakota Images by J.C.H. Grabill, Wounded Knee

J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress

The caption says: The Indian Girl’s Home. A group of Indian girls and Indian police at Big Foot’s village on reservation.

Historic South Dakota Images by J.C.H. Grabill, Wounded Knee

J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress

Indian Warriors. Mr. Bear-that-Runs-and-Growls, Mr. Warrior, Mr. One-Tooth-Gone, Mr. Sole (bottom of foot), Mr. Make-it-Long

“Little,” the instigator of Indian Revolt at Pine Ridge, 1890. The image does not say who the other two men are.

J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress

“Little,” the instigator of Indian Revolt at Pine Ridge, 1890. The image does not say who the other two men are.

Historic South Dakota Images by J.C.H. Grabill, Wounded Knee

J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress

“Little,” the instigator of Indian Revolt at Pine Ridge,

Historic South Dakota Images by J.C.H. Grabill, Wounded Knee

J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress

The caption says: Famous Battery “E” of 1st Artillery. These brave men and the Hotchkiss gun that Big Foot’s Indians thought were toys, together with the fighting 7th what’s left of Gen. Custer’s boys, sent 200 Indians to that Heaven which the ghost dancer enjoys. This checked the Indian noise and Gen. Miles with staff returned to Illinois.

Historic South Dakota Images by J.C.H. Grabill, Wounded Knee

J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress

The caption says: “Home of Mrs. American Horse.” Visiting squaws at Mrs. A’s home in hostile camp.

Historic South Dakota Images by J.C.H. Grabill, Wounded Knee

J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress

A young Oglala girl sitting in front of a tipi, with a puppy beside her, probably on or near Pine Ridge Reservation. Taken near Deadwood, South Dakota in 1891.

Historic South Dakota Images by J.C.H. Grabill, Wounded Knee

J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress

This caption says: Tasunka, Ota (alias Plenty Horse[s]), the slayer of Lieut. Casey, near Pine Ridge, S.D.

Historic South Dakota Images by J.C.H. Grabill, Wounded Knee

J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress

The caption says: A pretty group at an Indian tent. It is dated 1891.

Historic South Dakota Images by J.C.H. Grabill, Wounded Knee

J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress

The inscription on this images says: “Red Cloud and American Horse.” The two most noted chiefs now living. It was taken by Grabill in 1891.

Historic South Dakota Images by J.C.H. Grabill, Wounded Knee

J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress

The caption says: U.S. School for Indians at Pine Ridge 1891.

Historic South Dakota Images by J.C.H. Grabill, Wounded Knee

J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress

The caption says: “Signal Rock.” Elk Canyon on Black Hills & Ft. P. R.R.

Historic South Dakota Images by J.C.H. Grabill, Wounded Knee

J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress

Skinning beef near Sturgis, South Dakota.

Historic South Dakota Images by J.C.H. Grabill, Wounded Knee

J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress

The caption says: Three of Uncle Sam’s Pets. We get rations every 29 days. Our pulse is good. Expressive medium. We put in 60 minutes each hour in our present attitude.

Historic South Dakota Images by J.C.H. Grabill, Wounded Knee

J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress

The caption says: “Villa of Brule” The great hostile Indian Camp on River Brule near Pine Ridge, S.D. 1891.

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Hi,
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Disturbing Photos From S.D. in 1890s—From Wounded Knee to Pine Ridge

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