“Every person in the United Mexican States shall enjoy the guarantees granted by this Constitution, which cannot be restricted or suspended except in such cases and under such conditions as are herein provided,” begins the 1917 Constitution of Mexico.
Today marks the 95th anniversary of the Constitution of 1917, which is the third version of the document since Mexico gained independence from Spain in 1810. This particular version of the constitution was the result of the Mexican Revolution of 1910-1920, which began to overthrow the government of Porfirio Diaz. The centennial anniversary of the revolution was celebrated November 20, 2011.
The country officially celebrates Mexican Constitution Day the first Monday of February. That holiday is followed closely by Mexican Flag Day, which is celebrated February 24.
While the United States celebrated Groundhog Day, Mexico was remembering the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848. The treaty ended the Mexican War and established the Rio Grande as the border between the countries. Under the treaty Mexico surrendered more than half its territory, extending the United States’ boundary by 525,000 square miles. Read more about the treaty at Blog.nj.com.