The vast majority of the scientific community hasn’t disagreed about climate change for decades. We know we’re pumping more carbon, methane and other dangerous gases into the atmosphere at record levels, and we know we’re trapping heat that will have serious impacts on our world for many years to come. Indian Country isn’t going to be spared. We should talk about what’s coming and plan ahead.
The truth is that islands are going to sink below sea level before the end of this century. Hurricanes are going to be stronger and more frequent all over the world. Unless we start mitigating the damage and reducing our emissions while there’s still time, many people’s lives are going to be much worse than they are now. Our food and water supplies will be threatened. Our homes will be at risk from larger storms, as we just saw in Oklahoma.
We’re already seeing what happens long-term damage we face. The Pacific salmon is declining. Destructive pine bark beetles are killing millions of acres of forests in the West. Superstorm Sandy upended the lives of thousands of peoples and cost $65 billion. The number of severe weather events that inflict at least $1 billion in damage has gone from an average of two per year in the 1980s to more than ten per year since 2010.
As Indian Country Today Media Network noted not long ago, climate change is going to mean more flooding in the Pacific Northwest, more monster tornadoes in the Midwest, more tropical diseases in the South, more drought in the Southwest, stronger blizzards in the Northeast, less water for the Great Lakes, and more wildfires all over the country. None of this is a matter of debate. We know what’s coming.
Tribal lands can be a big part of the response. Indian Country covers 2.4 billion acres nationwide and holds vast renewable energy potential – not just locally, but for the entire country. We should be aggressively incentivizing clean energy in every community big enough to hold a wind turbine or a solar collector. In March, the Internal Revenue Service ruled for the first time that a tribe that owns a renewable energy project can pass on federal tax credits to a lessee. This makes it easier for private entities to invest in Indian Country renewable energy efforts. We should make this ruling – currently limited to a particular case – a permanent part of the tax code.
We need to fund the excellent work of Tribal natural resource managers, many of whom have coped with starvation-level budgets for too long. After the Rodeo-Chediski fire burned for three weeks through central Arizona in 2002, the White Mountain Apache Tribe halted it in its tracks by trimming forests and undergrowth. Considering the chronic underfunding of Tribal forestry programs, this was a major achievement. We know more wildfires are on the way. Our best response is preparation, not after-the-fact disaster relief. Unless we’re going to give up on our forests, we have to make sure Tribal and federal officials work more closely to plan management efforts and get the resources they need.
Just as importantly, we have to make sure young people understand the value of the natural world and what’s at stake if we stay on our present course. The National Indian Youth Leadership Program, a proven and award-winning effort, has improved the lives of thousands of Native youth across the country for more than 30 years by providing culturally sensitive outdoor learning experiences. There are plenty of similar projects around the country, and we need even more of them if young people are going to understand the great American natural resources and treasures and how essential they are to their future.
Some of the most important mitigation, conservation, and emergency planning programs in our country are near collapse. We need to properly fund land and water conservation through the Farm Bill and other national legislation. We especially need to take advantage of Indian Country’s great potential to create clean, sustainable jobs with the right incentives. The future of Indian country is the future of the United States, and if Tribes are struggling the country isn’t where it needs to be. That’s where we find ourselves right now.
We understand how difficult it can be to embrace the reversal of climate change as a cause. It feels like too big a process, too complicated a topic, and too removed from our daily lives. We’re writing today exactly because it’s such a big issue – for our families, for our communities, for Indian Country and for the nation. It’s one on which we need everybody engaged. We hope you’ll join us.
Rep. Raúl M. Grijalva has represented Southern Arizona in Congress since 2003. He is the former chairman of the House Subcommittee on National Parks, Forests, and Public Lands, and is currently the ranking member of the Subcommittee on Public Lands and Environmental Regulations. His district includes the Tohono O’odham Nation, the Pascua Yaqui Tribe, the Cocopah Indian Tribe and part of the Fort Yuma Quechan Tribe.
Jose Aguto is the Legislative Secretary on Sustainable Energy and Environment for the Friends Committee on National Legislation (FCNL), a Quaker lobby in the public interest. Prior to joining FCNL, he worked on energy, natural resources and climate change issues for the National Congress of American Indians.