Arizona Gov. Jan Brewer applauded a federal judge's ruling on September 3 that the most controversial part of Arizona's immigration law can be implemented. The ruling will require police to inquire about the immigration status of anyone who is suspected of being in the country illegally and who has been stopped in the course of law enforcement's daily work. Opponents of the law say it will encourage racial profiling. They argue that citizens who appear to be an immigrant, including Native Americans and legal Hispanics, could end up being hassled by police and required to carry around proof of residency.
Brewer says the law will be implemented carefully and with respect to civil rights. Monday's ruling lays the groundwork for a flurry of future legal challenges. Critics say they will be watching police and bringing any cases of racial profiling to a judge.