The 1851 Treaty of Fort Laramie, witnessed by 50,000 members of nine
tribal nations, can only be broken by an official declaration of an act of
war by the United States. It secured, in perpetuity, the following lands:
THE AFORESAID INDIAN NATIONS DO HEREBY RECOGNIZE AND
ACKNOWLEDGE THE FOLLOWING TRACTS COUNTRY,...
American Indians experienced some of the worst massacres and grossest injustices in history while Ulysses S. Grant was in office.
A celebrated Civil War hero whose campaign slogan was “Let us have peace,” Grant took office in 1869 with plans to drastically reform federal Indian policy. In his inaugural the...
When Gerald Rudolph Ford was sworn in as President in August 1974, he inherited a conflict that was already a century in the making.
Ninety-seven years earlier, in the Black Hills of South Dakota, the federal government entered into an agreement with a small group of Sioux Indians. The 1877...