Earth teach me quiet — as the grasses are still with new light.
Earth teach me suffering — as old stones suffer with memory.
Earth teach me humility — as blossoms are humble with beginning.
Earth teach me caring — as mothers nurture their young.
Earth teach me courage — as the tree that stands alone.
Earth teach me limitation — as the that...
What the people believe is true. — Anishinabe
When a white army battles Indians and wins, it is called a great victory, but if they lose it is called a massacre. — Chiksika, Shawnee
Custer is said to have boasted that he could ride through the entire Sioux Nation with Seventh...
Upon suffering beyond suffering: the Red Nation shall rise again and it shall be a blessing for a sick world. A world filled with broken promises, selfishness and separations. A world longing for light again. I see a time of Seven Generations when all the colors of mankind gather...
A staunch believer in the concept of Manifest Destiny and the acquisition of land, Franklin Pierce took office in 1853 with his eye on Alaska, Hawaii and Cuba.
The 14th president of the United States, Pierce is credited with initiating the first discussions about purchasing Alaska, an arctic territory the...
American Indians experienced some of the worst massacres and grossest injustices in history while Ulysses S. Grant was in office.
A celebrated Civil War hero whose campaign slogan was “Let us have peace,” Grant took office in 1869 with plans to drastically reform federal Indian policy. In his inaugural the...
Rutherford B. Hayes’ four years in the White House, from 1877 to 1881, marked a distinct change in federal Indian policy, as the government moved away from forced removal of Indians to reservations and toward a system that allotted land to individuals.
Billed as a solution to the government’s hunger...
Grover Cleveland opened his second term as president of the United States with a call for “humanity and consistency” toward Indians as efforts continued to assimilate them into mainstream American culture.
“Our relations with the Indians located within our border impose upon us responsibilities we cannot escape,” he said his...
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