What the people believe is true. — Anishinabe
When a white army battles Indians and wins, it is called a great victory, but if they lose it is called a massacre. — Chiksika, Shawnee
Custer is said to have boasted that he could ride through the entire Sioux Nation with Seventh...
Uniform federal Indian policy was almost nonexistent when James Buchanan took office in 1857.
The country was on the brink of the Civil War, and the federal government had abandoned any pretense of Indian policy, leaving the “Indian system” to the mercy of dishonest and greedy Indian agents who earned...
Grover Cleveland opened his second term as president of the United States with a call for “humanity and consistency” toward Indians as efforts continued to assimilate them into mainstream American culture.
“Our relations with the Indians located within our border impose upon us responsibilities we cannot escape,” he said his...
When Theodore Roosevelt took office in 1901, he already had a long legacy of animosity toward American Indians.
Seventeen years earlier, Roosevelt, then a young widower, left New York in favor of the Dakotas, where he built a ranch, rode horses and wrote about life on the frontier. When returned...
Credit Card Identification Number
This number is recorded as an additional security precaution.
4 digit, non-embossed number printed above your account number on the front of your card.
3-digit, non-embossed number printed on the signature panel on the of the card immediately following the card account number.
3-digit, non-embossed number printed on the signature panel on the back of the card.