Auckland, New Zealand
Auckland, the urban center of choice for New Zealand’s M?oris, lies at the north end of North Island,where about 161,000 M?oris make up about 11 percent of the population. These indigenous peoples are of Polynesian origin and overall number about 671,000, about 15 percent of the nation’s population of 4.5 million.
Winnipeg, with more First Nations and Métis people than any other city in Canada, has a rich Aboriginal culture. The 2011 census showed 25,970 First Nations people and 46,325 Métis living in the city, making up about 3.6 per cent and 6.5 per cent of the city’s population, respectively. In all of Canada, there are 1,400,685 Aboriginal people, or 4.3% of the population.
Lima and Cusco, Peru
Peru has the most indigenous peoples of any South American nation, and their traditions and customs have shaped the country. About 45 percent of the nation’s 30.8 million citizens are indigenous and another 37 percent are Mestizo (a person of Native American and European descent).
Lima is the city with the largest gathering of indigenous people and it has many cultural events and facilities.The heart of Peru’s Aboriginal people, however, and the site of the most important indigenous festival, Inti Raymi, is high in the Andes Mountains at Cusco (elevation 11,200 feet), the former historic capital of the Inca Empire and a World Heritage Site.
Mexico City, Mexico
One of largest cities in the world, Mexico City (19.8 million inhabitants) also has an immense indigenous population with the Nahua forming the largest group. (The Toltec and Aztec civilizations were of Nahua ethnicity.) The government recognizes 62 indigenous Amerindian languages in the country, and more than one in ten Mexicans speaks an indigenous language.
Mexico City boasts more museums (about 150) than any city in the world, and many have excellent collections of indigenous culture and history. The Aztec Calendar Stone and other important artifacts of the pre-Spanish Aztec civilization can be viewed at the National Museum of Anthropology.
Teotihuacan, the Ancient City of Pyramids and one of the largest urban centers in the ancient world, sits proudly 30 miles northeast of Mexico City, a formidable display of ancient indigenous culture. No one knows who built the imposing pyramids, but the center flourished between 2,100 years and 1,400 years ago.
Contrary to popular belief, most of Australia’s 670,000 Aboriginal people (about 3% of the total population of 23 million) live in the eastern states and not in remote desert regions. New South Wales is home to Australia’s largest indigenous population with most residing in Sydney.
The Indigenous Australian Gallery in the Australian Museum traces Aboriginal culture from 40,000 years ago to the present through cultural artifacts such as boomerangs, didgeridoos, baskets and ceremonial pieces. Aboriginal art is displayed at Yiribana Aboriginal and Torres Strait Art Gallery in the Art Gallery of New South Wales.